Treatments image

Click on any treatment below for more information:

Amalgam Fillings Braces Bridges Children's Dentistry
Composite Fillings Crowns Dentures Fissure Sealants
Flossing Gold Inlays Implants Interdental Brushing
Partial Dentures Porcelain Inlays Root Canal Treatment Tooth Whitening
Veneers      

 

Amalgam Fillings
Dental amalgam is the traditional silver-coloured filling we are all familiar with. Although there is mercury in dental amalgam, once it is combined with the other materials in the amalgam filling, its chemical nature is changed, rendering it harmless.

Braces
There are generally two different types of braces - removable and fixed braces. Removable braces can be used to tilt teeth and make changes to the size, shape and relationship of your jaws. Fixed braces use brackets, bands and wires to straighten teeth.

Orthodontic treatment often takes many months to complete. It is important to clean your teeth thoroughly twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste and to avoid sugary and acidic foods and drinks as this can damage to teeth around and under the brace. A mouthwash that contains fluoride will also help to stop tooth decay.

If the orthodontic treatment is completed retainers will usually be made. Fixed retainers are cemented in place. Removable retainers are usually worn full time for a few months and then wear is reduced to night time only. Often retainers should be worn for as long as you want your teeth to remain straight.

Many children will have a brace and an increasing number of adults are improving their smile with braces.

Bridges
A dental bridge can be used to fill the gap between two adjacent teeth. A specially designed structure incorporating a hollow crown to support the missing tooth is prepared in the dental laboratory. Similarly to crowns and implants, the replacement bridge “tooth” will be matched to the rest of your teeth to give as natural a result as possible. Bridgework can be constructed from a variety of different materials depending upon the application – your cosmetic dentist will advise what is most appropriate.

Children's Dentistry
New parents often have questions regarding the care and management of their children’s teeth. When should you start brushing? What kind of toothpaste is best? When should you go to the dentist? Knowing the answers to these questions can help you to keep your kids' teeth healthy and cavity-free.

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Composite Fillings
A natural looking alternative - the composite or tooth-coloured filling. Composite resin is a tooth-coloured plastic mixture filled with glass (silicon dioxide) first introduced in the 1960s. Originally only used for front teeth because of their softer nature, modern improvements to their composition make them generically suitable today.

Crowns
A crown is a cap that is placed over a tooth and held in place by dental adhesive or cement. Crowns can be made from a variety of materials. They can be made from plastic, ceramic or metal alloys. A combination of metal and ceramic is also possible to maximise strength and simulate the appearance of natural teeth.

The placement of a crown (or bridge) is a significant procedure for a tooth. Sometimes the nerve of the tooth can react by devitalising and the tooth becomes non-vital. The risk of a tooth becoming non vital after a crown preparation is variable and may be as high as 20% depending on the clinical circumstances. In those situations sometimes root canal treatment may be necessary or the tooth has to be extracted.

Dentures
A denture is a removable prosthesis used to replace missing teeth. Commonly referred to as ‘false teeth’, a denture is usually made of acrylic or a combination of acrylic and metal. A partial denture is fitted to replace some missing teeth whilst a complete denture is indicated when all natural teeth are missing. A good set of dentures helps you to eat, speak, function, and often improves a person's appearance.

A denture can often be made before a tooth is extracted to avoid having a gap, so called immediate replacement dentures. Sometimes they need to be adjusted or remade after several months when the socket has finished healing.

Fissure Sealants
Deep pits and grooves can be found on the chewing surfaces of the back teeth. Such pits and grooves are termed ‘fissures’ and are usually so narrow that toothbrush bristles and streams of water are not able to clean them effectively. Fissure sealants can be applied to the teeth. Fissure sealants are special materials used by dentists to seal off pits and fissures from the oral environment. Sealing the tooth surface protects fissures from bacteria and fermentable foods like sugar and starches to prevent decay from starting deep within the fissures.

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Flossing
Brushing teeth properly and consistently helps to remove most dental plaque, but brushing alone cannot remove plaque that is located in places that a toothbrush cannot reach - particularly between teeth. In addition to removing plaque, flossing also helps to remove debris that adheres to teeth and gums in between teeth, polish tooth surfaces and control bad breath. Flossing should take place at least once a day for two to three minutes each time to be most effective. The different types of dental floss include waxed and unwaxed, flavoured, unflavored and wide and regular.

Gold Inlays
Gold inlays are restorations placed usually on the chewing surfaces of the back teeth. An inlay fits within the confines of the teeth. An onlay covers the entire chewing surface of the tooth. These can be made of either plastic resin or porcelain. The procedure involves removing decayed tooth structure or old fillings, preparing the tooth cavity, taking an impression of the cavity to fabricate a custom-fit inlay or onlay. Two visits are required to complete the treatment.

Implants
Implants are one way of replacing missing teeth. A post is planted in the jaw bone to support a replacement tooth. This acts like the root of a natural tooth. Implants can also be used to support fixed bridges or dentures. Implant treatment normally has two stages. First, the implant is placed in the jaw. Then, when the jaw has healed, replacement teeth are attached to the implant. In some situations it is possible for temporary teeth to be attached to an implant at the time of fitting.

Interdental Brushing
As a result of improved oral hygiene and flouride, more people are keeping their own teeth into old age, but in order to continue to maintain healthy teeth and gums, a regime of brushing twice a day should be combined with interdental brushing (ie cleaning inbetween the teeth). This is made possible by the use of dental floss, interdental brushes, single-tufted tooth brushes, dental sticks, rubber tip stimulators and irrigation devices.

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Partial Dentures
A denture is a removable prosthesis used to replace missing teeth. Commonly referred to as ‘false teeth’, a denture is usually made of acrylic or a combination of acrylic and metal. A partial denture is fitted to replace some missing teeth whilst a complete denture is indicated when all natural teeth are missing. A good set of dentures helps you to eat, speak, function, and often improves a person’s appearance.

Porcelain Inlays
Porcelain (tooth coloured) inlays and onlays are restorations placed usually on the chewing surfaces of the back teeth. An inlay fits within the confines of the teeth. An onlay covers the entire chewing surface of the tooth. These can be made of either plastic resin or porcelain. The procedure involves removing decayed tooth structure or old fillings, preparing the tooth cavity, taking an impression of the cavity to fabricate a custom-fit inlay or onlay. Two visits are required to complete the treatment.

Root Canal Treatment
Root canal treatment involves the removal of the pulp tissues from the tooth in the event that it gets infected or inflamed. Removal of the infected or inflamed pulp is the first step in saving the tooth. Debris within the canals is removed by flushing with an anti-bacterial solution. The canals are finally filled or sealed and the tooth restored to full shape and function by either a permanent filling or a crown.

Molar root canal treatment can be difficult especially if the canals inside the tooth are very narrow. A better success rate can be achieved by seeing a specialist in root canal treatments. They will have a microscope to navigate the canals and have extra expertise. Sometimes root canal treatment is not successful and the tooth has to be extracted. Usually root filled teeth are crowned to secure a good seal.

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Tooth Whitening
Whitening is a process where the tooth discolouration is 'whitened' to a lighter shade. It removes the staining agent through chemical means. It is a safe procedure when carried out under professional supervision.

Veneers
A process which usually involves the removal of a layer of enamel so that a thin porcelain facing can be made in the laboratory. This is then cemented on to the tooth. The whole process takes two visits, and is often used to improve aesthetics.

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